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Nigeria to partner UK investors – Osinbajo – WorldStage

WorldStageNigeria to partner UK investors - OsinbajoWorldStageAs the Buhari administration continues its drives to promote private sector partnership, it remains ready to provide the necessary assistance to private investors looking to invest in the country, according to Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, SAN. Prof ...FG seeks private sector investment from UKThe Nation Newspaper[The Presidential Blog] UK foreign secretary, Boris Johnson

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Nigerian women arise to the aid of Nigeria your beloved country

Nigerian women should not fold their arms and watch, while some individuals ruin the efforts of our patriots. Truly this country came into being by the effort of the British colonial masters in the amalgamation of north and south protectorates in 1914.Some people would want us to believe that this was a mistake and born out of greed of the colonial masters to economically exploit the nation, but no, it was God's will that brought about the creation of Nigeria.

Start the conversation, or Read more at Vanguard.

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Anambra guber: Enugu APC hails party primary, congratulates Tony Nwoye – Daily Post Nigeria

Daily Post NigeriaAnambra guber: Enugu APC hails party primary, congratulates Tony NwoyeDaily Post NigeriaThe Enugu State chapter of All Progressives Congress (APC) has congratulated Tony Nwoye for his emergence as the flag-bearer of APC for the forthcoming governorship election in Anambra State. The party described his emergence as victory for the people ...I Have Not Dumped APC, Says Andy UbaSaharaReporters.comI'm still in APC – UbaThe Eagle Onlineall 5 news articles »

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Herdsmen attack Falae’s farm again, destroy multi-million naira crops – The Punch

The PunchHerdsmen attack Falae's farm again, destroy multi-million naira cropsThe PunchSome suspected Fulani herdsmen on Monday attacked the farm of a former Secretary to the Government of the Federation, Chief Olu Falae, at Ilado village in the Akure North Local Government Area of Ondo State, destroying some crops worth millions of ...Herdsmen invade Falae's farm againDaily Post NigeriaHerdsmen again invade Falae farm in OndoVanguardSuspected Fulani Herdsmen

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Breaking: Buhari approves $5.7bn for 45-yr-old Mambilla electricity project – Vanguard

The PunchBreaking: Buhari approves $5.7bn for 45-yr-old Mambilla electricity projectVanguardThe Federal Executive Council (FEC), has approved 5.792 billion dollars (about N1.140trillion) for the construction of the 3,050 megawatts Mambilla Hydro-Power project at Gembu in Taraba. The Council was presided over by President Muhammadu Buhari.FEC approves Mambilla hydro project worth over $5bnYNaijaFashola: Bear with us on the state of roads… we are constrainedTheCableOsinbajo takes over negotiation with ASUUDaily TrustThe Nation Newspaper -Daily Post Nigeria -The Punch -Ripples Nigeriaall 11 news

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Osinbajo hails Obaseki as he open fertilizer plant in Edo – Vanguard

VanguardOsinbajo hails Obaseki as he open fertilizer plant in EdoVanguardThe Vice president, Prof. Yemi Osinbajo, has inaugurated the Edo Fertilizer Plant and Chemical Company Limited, a public, private venture which has the capacity to produce about 60,000 metric tonnes of fertilizer per annum. R-L; The Governor of Edo ...Osinbajo opens 60000 metric tonnes fertiliser plant in EdoPremium TimesWe are judged by what we start that is sustainable years afterWorldStageOsinbajo Commissions Multi-million Dollar Cement Plant in EdoThe StreetjournalP.M. News -TheCable -NAIJ.COM -Wetinhappen Magazine (blog)all 22 news articles »

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Fayose inaugurates new Ekiti traditional rulers’ council – Daily Post Nigeria

Daily Post NigeriaFayose inaugurates new Ekiti traditional rulers' councilDaily Post NigeriaThe Oloye of Oye-Ekiti, Oba Michael Ademolaju, has been formally inaugurated as the Chairman of the Ekiti State Council of Traditional Rulers. The state governor, Ayodele Fayose, charged him to use his experience to serve the state. At the inauguration ...Fayose Has Abandoned Governance For Politics – AlabiIndependent Newspapers Limited

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Life returns to Lake Chad island despite Boko Haram threat – Gulf Times

Gulf TimesLife returns to Lake Chad island despite Boko Haram threatGulf TimesChadian women carry carpets and few other belongings as they travel back on Midikouta Island on Lake Chad. Text Size: A A A. By Caroline Chauvet, AFP/Bol, Chad. Gaou Moussa stands in front of his family home nestled in the dense vegetation of Chad's ...Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: August 19 - August 25Council on Foreign Relations (blog)Boko Haram kidnaps nine in

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NITDA: How Nigerians Can Cut Cybercrime By 70%

Director General of the National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA), Dr. Isa Pantami. The Director General of the National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA), Dr. Isa Pantami, has identified cyber security awareness as one of the key priorities of the agency, stating that awareness could help reduce cyber related losses by up to 70 percent in Nigeria. Pantami, who spoke at the recent Startup Nigeria event held in Lagos, said that cyber criminals are finding it too easy to retrieve information out of Nigerians, according to a report by the Guardian NG. After a report was released showing that Nigeria loses almost N78 billion ($214 million) every year through cybercrimes, the Director General has raised concerns over the level of cyber threats on individuals, financial institutions, government...

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Anambra guber: Chidoka urges preservation of Catholic monuments – Vanguard

VanguardAnambra guber: Chidoka urges preservation of Catholic monumentsVanguardFrontline contender and candidate of the United Progressive Party (UPP) for the November 18, 2017 Anambra governorship election, Chief Osita Chidoka, has stressed the need to preserve historic monuments and values of the Catholic Church. Chidoka ...Anambra Guber: Chidoka Receives Staff of AuthorityTV360Anambra election: Chidoka receives staff of authority as traditional rulers, others endorse him (photo)NAIJ.COMall 3 news articles »

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South Africa: Those Who Brought Zuma to Power Shouldn’t Be Forgotten, or Forgiven

Photo: Al-Jazeera

President Jacob Zuma (file photo).

analysisBy James Hamill, University of Leicester

It is now a matter of record - rather than an issue for serious debate - that the presidency of Jacob Zuma has been an unmitigated disaster for South Africa.

Zuma's stewardship - if his tenure since 2009 can be dignified with such a description - has been one long narrative of national decline. The fact that he remains in office is testament to the moral and intellectual decay of the governing African National Congress (ANC) over the course of his presidency.

That the party which produced such giants of the liberation struggle as Albert Luthuli, OR Tambo and Nelson Mandela should have repeatedly endorsed the leadership of such a compromised individual provides cause for great sadness at the humbling of a once great political movement.

But, as his presidency staggers on it has become noticeable that some in the ANC's "broad church" are beginning to peel away in disgust. Over the last two years veterans of the movement have expressed dissatisfaction with the party's direction and there have been frequent calls for Zuma to stand down.

There have been two unsuccessful attempts to unseat him at meetings of the ANC's National Executive Committee (in November 2016 and May 2017. And eight motions of no confidence motions have been tabled against him in parliament. In the latest 26 ANC MPs voted with the opposition, with a further nine abstaining.

In addition, the ANC's alliance partners, the South African Communist Party (SACP) and the Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu), have both called for his resignation. Cosatu even barred him from attending its gatherings, an unprecedented humiliation for an ANC leader.

Yet these expressions of revulsion at Zuma's leadership should be placed within their proper historical context. It is important to recall the role these two organisations had in helping facilitate this disaster in the first place.

Complicity and fantasy

Between 2005 and 2007 the SACP and Cosatu were fervent cheerleaders for Zuma in his successful campaign in 2009 to supplant Thabo Mbeki and become ANC president, and thus president of the country. The left projected their own ideological fantasies onto Zuma: they saw in him hope for a "left turn" and a repudiation of the neo-liberal economics which they associated with Mbeki.

This was always a bizarre position. There was nothing in Zuma's record to inspire confidence that he would engineer a shift to the left. As the country's deputy president from 1999 to 2005, he failed to strike a single dissenting note about the ideological direction of Mbeki's macro-economic policy, far less set out an alternative left-wing prospectus.

There was also a significant body of evidence suggesting his politics were highly reactionary, with strong overtones of sexual and ethnic chauvinism which should have set alarm bells ringing for any self-respecting socialists.

For example, Zuma was acquitted of a rape charge in 2006 after deploying a defence which was deeply sexist and patriarchal. Zuma also uttered the notorious comment which would come to haunt him - that he had intercourse with his accuser knowing she was HIV positive but took a shower afterwards as a precaution against infection. This was a comment so steeped in ignorance that it should have immediately disqualified him from ever holding high political office.

But it didn't end there. Throughout the rape trial his supporters gathered outside the court each day to hurl vicious sexist abuse at his accuser. "Burn the Bitch" was a favourite. Her name and address were also circulated in a contempt of court, actions which paved the way for harassment which eventually caused her to leave the country.

Not once when addressing his supporters at the end of each day's proceedings, did Zuma condemn the abuse, or reproach his supporters. Instead, in a display of machismo, he chose to whip up the mob with militaristic anthems from the ANC armed struggle era. All of this in a country blighted by violence against women.

Rise of kleptocracy

Zuma also commenced his presidency with 783 unresolved charges of fraud, money laundering and embezzlement hanging over him relating to the notorious arms deal scandal of the late 1990s and early 2000s. But the SACP and Cosatu leadership chose to view those charges as evidence of a "conspiracy" against Zuma and an attempt to sabotage a socialist presidency.

They would now prefer their unconditional support for Zuma to be considered merely as an unfortunate historical footnote which has not tarnished their ideological credentials. They are wrong. Their willingness to overlook such egregious failings was a cynical betrayal of progressive values.

Equally, Julius Malema, now the leader of the Economic Freedom Fighters, has sought to reinvent himself as a passionate opponent of Zuma. Yet as head of the ANC Youth League back in 2006-2007 he championed Zuma's candidacy with a messianic fervour usually laced with threats against his opponents such as the infamous "shoot to kill for Zuma" slogan.

Mea culpa

Ten years on the chickens have come home to roost, and the grim reality of the Zuma presidency is now visible. The South African state has become little more than a plaything of the Zuma patronage network. This descent into kleptocracy has been documented in rich detail by a number of reports.

Consequently, the SACP and Cosatu have been compelled to recognise that Zuma, and his corrupt support networks are indeed a cancer in South African politics, shamelessly enriching themselves in a country still defined by poverty and extreme inequality with unemployment at 27.7% in the first quarter of 2017, and youth unemployment standing at 38%

The SACP and Cosatu may have found their voices over the last six months in lamenting this appalling record. But this has been a deathbed conversion, occurring much too late to carry any real conviction. The monster that is the Zuma presidency has wrought massive damage on South Africa and is rightly reviled. But the role of the SACP and Cosatu as architects of that debacle should be neither forgotten nor forgiven.

Disclosure statement

James Hamill does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond the academic appointment above.

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Nigeria: President Buhari Meets Ruling Party, Opposition Leaders

Photo: Premium Times

President Muhammadu Buhari.

President Muhammadu Buhari on Friday met behind closed doors with the leaderships of the All Progressives Congress and the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) at the Banquet Hall of the Presidential Villa, Abuja.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the meeting, which started around 11.10a.m., was still ongoing as of the time of filing this report.

It is being attended by the vice-president, Yemi Osinbajo, chairman of the APC, John Odigie-Oyegun, and the caretaker chairman of the PDP, Ahmed Makarfi.

Other APC members attending the meeting include the National Legal Adviser of the APC, Muiz Banire, Olorunnimbe Mamora, Tony Momoh, former Senate President, Ken Nnamani, amongst others.

Those from the PDP are Ben obi and other members of the caretaker committee.

NAN reliably learnt that the meeting will discuss socio-political issues especially the problem of hate speech and the prevailing security situation in the country.

The presidency on Wednesday advised the nation's opinion leaders and proponents of restructuring to exercise restraint in their choice of words to avoid heating up the polity and causing acrimony among Nigerians.



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Enlighten Nigerians on your activities – Minister challenges FCC – The Eagle Online

TODAY.NGEnlighten Nigerians on your activities – Minister challenges FCCThe Eagle OnlineThe minister gave the challenge in Abuja on Friday when he received top officials of the commission, led by its Secretary, Malam Mahmoud Tukur, on a courtesy visit to his office. The Minister of Information and Culture, Alhaji Lai Mohammed, has ...Enlighten Nigerians on

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Burundi: Hate Speech Stirs Trouble in Burundi

Photo: Supplied


Bujumbura — Next month, the Commission of Enquiry on Burundi, established by the UN Human Rights Council, is due to deliver its final report on abuses in the central African state and to make a judgement as to whether these abuses, including killings, torture, and abduction, amount to international crimes.

The commission has highlighted the prevalence of hate speech in Burundi, notably by the ruling party and its affiliates, saying such rhetoric, which often targets specific ethnic groups, "reinforced" human rights abuses. It has called for the state to take action against perpetrators.

In 2015, an announcement by President Pierre Nkurunziza that he would stand for a controversial third term plunged the country into crisis, marked by violent clashes between protestors and security forces, a failed coup, and the flight of hundreds of thousands of people out of the country.

Burundi continues to present numerous risk factors of further violent destabilisation and hate speech remains widespread, especially on social media, while authorities appear to being doing little to curtail it.

Facebook posts and comments, some using pseudonyms others by people apparently using their real names, routinely contain blatant incitement to violence.

"Hutus are filth and we will keep killing them if the opportunity presents itself," read one recent Facebook post by someone calling himself "Ntwari Alexis". The profile picture shows a man sitting on an armoured car brandishing the national flag of Burundi.

Since "Ntwari" means "brave man" in the Kirundi language, the name is presumably fake. The post appeared the day after the second anniversary of the assassination in a rocket attack in Bujumbura of General Adolphe Nshimirimana, a former intelligence chief and right-hand man to Nkurunziza.

Role reversal

During Burundi's 1993-2006 civil war, which pitted a range of Hutu rebel groups against the Tutsi-led government and army, Nshimirimana served as the military commander of the CNDD-FDD, a Hutu insurgency that transformed itself into the political party now in power.

On Twitter, one Diana Nsamirizi wrote recently of the country's Tutsi minority (who dominated power between independence and the end of the civil war): "Now it's your turn. I want you to flee [the country] and see what it's like. You're conceitedness will end one day."

Another poster on Facebook wrote: "All the problems the country has had were caused by the Tutsi... The Tutsi are difficult to live with. They are proud. They overestimate themselves. They are the descendants of Cain. The Tutsi massacred Hutus in 1968, 1972, 1994-2004. We must not forget these troubles and above all those who caused them."


A message posted by a 20-strong group on the social media network in mid-June went even further, declaring: "We are determined to fight the mujeri until they give up their beastly ways." The Kirundi word mujeri is a derogatory term for stray, dirty dogs, in this case applied to opponents of the regime.

"Mujeri are little dogs which bite people," the Facebook post continued. "To eradicate the mujeri, they must be chased, even in their hiding places."

Specific threats

In yet another post, "mujeri" was applied to certain prominent foreigners in Burundi, including US Ambassador Ann Casper: "Behead those mujeri," wrote someone using the name "Eustache Tiger", a vocal supporter of the president.

Also among the targets of violent threats has been former president Domitien Ndayizeye, after he spoke out against the Imbonerakure, the ruling party's youth wing, which gained notoriety earlier this year when 100 of its marching members chanted that female opposition supporters should be raped or even killed. Human Rights Watch has accused the Imbonerakure of being involved in the gang rapes of women and the torture of opposition members.

After the former president criticised the slogans of the youth wing, Sylvestre Ndayizeye (no relation), who coordinates associations affiliated with the ruling party, warned his namesake that should he continue to "insult" the Imbonerakure, "we will deal with him". He used the Kirundi verb "gukorerako", which in the slang of the youth wing, which harks back to the language used by rebels during the civil war, means to kill.

Burundi's penal code outlaws such declarations, according to jurist Pacifique Manirambona. "The state prosecutor or his office is supposed to take up such matters, initiate investigations, and prosecute those behind such hate speech," he told IRIN.

"Defamation, or hatred against a group or people or a segment of the population, causes social problems and endangers lives. Insults or describing individuals or groups as animals [or] cartoons depicting people as animals are degrading and should be punished under law," he added. As well as "stray dogs", targets of hate speech in Burundi have been described as snakes, refuse, and excrement.


Political scientist Jean-Marie Ntahimpera warned that resorting to animal terminology was "very dangerous. We saw it during the [1994] genocide in Rwanda. The Tutsi were called inyenzi, cockroaches, before being killed."

Dehumanisation is one of the 10 stages of genocide identified by Gregory H. Stanton, the president of Genocide Watch. According to The Genocide Report, "dehumanization overcomes the normal human revulsion against murder... . [One group] is taught to regard the other group as less than human, and even alien to their society. They are indoctrinated to believe that 'We are better off without them.' They are equated with filth, impurity, and immorality."

That dehumanisation, and other phenomena among the 10 stages, such as "classification", "symbolisation", "polarisation", and mass rapes, are visible in Burundi does not mean the country is heading towards a genocide. But, as the Human Rights Council pointed out, it does make acting against perpetrators all the more important.

Yet, according to Manirambona, the jurist, nobody in Burundi has ever been prosecuted for hate speech.

Worse still, it is not uncommon for those who do post hate speech on social media to receive messages of support from government officials. Senior presidential aide Willy Nyamitwe, for example, congratulated Sylvestre Ndayizeye over his remarks, even though they were widely interpreted as an overt death threat.

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Africa: Freetown’s Mudslides and the Slippery Slope of Urban Risk in Africa

Photo: Olivia Acland/IRIN

Five days after the mudslide in Sierra Leone, a resident is still moving mud from his home.

By Emmanuel Osuteye and Hayley Leck

On Monday 14 August, the world awoke to reports of devastation caused by large-scale mudslides and localised flooding in Freetown, Sierra Leone's rapidly urbanising capital.

The death toll rose within a few days to approximately 500, with several hundred more people reported missing and thousands displaced. The full extent of this disaster and the exact losses are not immediately known and may never be fully investigated.

As harrowing images drew in global sympathy, predictable post-disaster patterns ensued: sporadic inputs of disaster relief, political speeches and tours of affected sites, and a few days of "declared" national mourning.

However, beyond this short-term intervention, the persistence of African urban risk and frequent disaster events raise issues that require urgent attention.

Many other African towns and cities such as Accra, Nairobi, Dar es Salaam, Kampala, Monrovia, and Dakar have recently also experienced small- and large-scale disasters including floods, large structural collapse, fire outbreaks, and disease epidemics, often following a repetitive seasonal or yearly cycle.

Much can be learnt from the recent disaster in Freetown, which was caused by multiple interrelated factors: weak and fractious planning, inadequate governance and disaster preparedness, lack of affordable land leading to extensive land use change, deforestation, and land-grabbing in hazardous locations.

This situation is characteristic of many rapidly urbanising contexts in West Africa and beyond marked by widespread poverty, weak local governments, and high levels of informality.

Zooming in

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is one of the most rapidly urbanising regions in the world. By 2040, it is forecast that more people will live in urban areas than rural areas, amounting to approximately 854 million urban dwellers.

In the context of widespread poverty, climate change, and limited capacity to plan and manage rapid urban growth, towns and cities across SSA are becoming increasingly vulnerable to and impacted by a wide range of hazards. These range from everyday perils (infectious and parasitic diseases, road traffic injuries), to small disasters (structural collapse and flash floods), to major disasters (tropical storms, earthquakes, and floods).

Beyond catastrophic events, the impacts of everyday events can have a considerable and in some cases even higher aggregate impact on human health and wellbeing. This leads to cycles of risk accumulation that trap individuals and communities in conditions of vulnerability, which need to be better understood and properly addressed.

The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, UNISDR, categorises large-scale disasters as high-intensity events associated with major hazards in which at least 30 persons are killed and/or at least 600 houses are destroyed. Small-scale disasters have impacts below these two thresholds.

The idea of "everyday risks" speaks of systemic, characteristic, and high-frequency conditions and hazards that people and communities are continually exposed to, and could lead to losses that may not only be related to mortality or the destruction of property and may even become normalised phenomena. These include: protracted periods of illnesses from endemic infectious and parasitic diseases (not epidemics), motor accidents, isolated cases of domestic fires, persistent air pollution and poor waste management, and frequent flash flooding.

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It is small-scale disasters and everyday risks that are the cause of much premature death, injury, and impoverishment in urban Africa, and not always the media headlining large-scale events.

Changing priorities

With the shocking events and images from Freetown fresh in our minds, pressing questions arise as to what can be done to prevent recurrences and what step-change is required for effective and equitable disaster risk reduction and management in Freetown and other similar urbanising African centres.

While the magnitude of the challenge can't be underestimated or oversimplified, stakeholders at all levels are increasingly trying to tackle and understand the accumulation of risks with these critical considerations emerging:

Risk as a spectrum: It's important to see risk encompassing everyday, small, and large events. This helps forge a better understanding of interactions between multiple hazards and underlying drivers of risk linked to poverty, poorly planned and managed urban growth, and climate change. It also requires coordinated approaches involving urban planning and environmental management, public health, disaster management, and climate change adaptation.

Addressing the most vulnerable and hazard-prone areas: People are affected differently by different risks, and are vulnerable if they're more susceptible to being harmed or killed and/or to livelihood, income or asset loss, and if they have less capacity to cope and adapt to a hazard or disaster. Consequently, there's a need to clearly identify which groups or areas in urban centres are most vulnerable. The most vulnerable are disproportionately impacted by disaster events and are often those living in informal and hazardous locations.

Support for local and urban action: The international and external support agencies that are very active in the aftermath of a disaster need to recognise the need to support sustained local action on the part of local governments, universities, research centres and civil society organisations – building technical and practical knowledge, raising capacity, and providing sustainable long-term support.

Like many other African countries, Sierra Leone has adopted a framework that promotes a decentralised governance approach to disaster risk management. Empowering the lowest level of actors in communities helps to address a key operational deficiency in these elaborate structures.

Although Freetown has recently witnessed promising cases of effective community-based disaster risk management committees set up through a circuit of NGO- and donor-funded projects, these remain very limited and fragmented.

Collaboration between local governments and groups at risk is key to promote equitable dialogue and solutions. The urban poor have significant capacity to mobilise and mitigate everyday risks, but their efforts need to be acknowledged and their rights recognised.

Filling data gaps: There's a need for a better understanding of the nature and scale of urban risk, and greater knowledge about how urbanisation is influencing its social and spatial distribution.

Major disaster databases such as the international emergency database 'EM-DAT' and the Global Disaster Identifier Number (GLIDE) tend to exclude smaller, everyday hazards – ranging from infectious diseases to road traffic injuries
and localised floods – despite the significant cumulative impacts they have on the lives and livelihoods of urban dwellers, particularly the urban poor.

The availability of and access to detailed, systematic, and localised data on urban risks and impacts are fundamental for policymakers and development practitioners.

Sendai's priorities for action: The voluntary non-binding Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction was adopted by UN Member States in 2015 in Sendai City, Japan. Its successful implementation will depend increasingly on risk management efforts in urban areas.

The SFDRR recognises and guides the risk reduction potential and opportunities of urbanising cities and emphasises land-use planning and building standards, insurance, and the mainstreaming of Disaster Risk Reduction into planning systems.

Beyond this, its priorities are positioned alongside the broader development approach of the Sustainable Development Goals – including Goal 11 of making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable – and UNHABITAT's New Urban Agenda.

Combined and co-ordinated action through these technical and developmental frameworks can support much-needed transformation in urban risk management to tackle the root causes of risk in social protection, land rights, environmental quality, economic opportunity, and urban governance, as well as the immediate needs of risk assessment, preparedness, response, and recovery.

The adoption of the Sendai framework's priority action targets by African urban planning and governance systems can help shift risk reduction toward development, supported by risk informed, integrated, coordinated, and programmatic approaches that recognise the centrality of breaking cycles of risk accumulation.

To break these cycles and prevent or reduce the effects of disasters such as the recent mudslide in Freetown, a better understanding is needed of how knowledge of risk can lead to action. This requires collaboration between government, humanitarian actors, and civil sector organisations in partnership with local communities in both formal and informal areas.

Emmanuel Osuteye is from the Development Planning Unit of University College London and Hayley Leck is from the Geography Department of King's College, London. The authors are lead researchers on the Urban Africa: Risk Knowledge (Urban ARK) research and capacity building programme, a research programme on urban risks in Africa. Research is based in cities in Senegal, Nigeria, Malawi, Kenya, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Niger to better understand the nature and scale of risks, especially for those in low-income areas. Their views are shaped by the research findings.

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Ladoja on his way to PDP after Makarfi’s visit – Daily Post Nigeria

Daily Post NigeriaLadoja on his way to PDP after Makarfi's visitDaily Post NigeriaNational Chairman of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Senator Ahmed Makarfi has assured former Governor of Oyo State, Senator Rasidi Adewolu Ladoja and other intending members of the party a level playing ground. Makarfi stated this on Thursday ...Ladoja to 'consider' PDP's proposal to return to partyPremium TimesVideo/photos: Makarfi arrives Ibadan, commences reconciliation of aggrieved membersTheNewsGuruMarkafi Visits Oyo Seeks Reconciliation Of Aggrieved MembersCHANNELS TELEVISIONNigerian Bulletinall 9 news articles

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